A panoramic x-ray provides a complete picture of the mouth and helps the dentist detect dental problems at an early stage. It allows our dentists to detect tumors, cysts, abnormalities in the jaw and even cancer. Panoramic dental radiography uses a very small dose of ionizing radiation to capture the entire mouth in a single image. It is usually performed by dentists and oral surgeons in daily practice and can be used to plan the treatment of dentures, braces, extractions and implants.
Repeated exposure to dental x-rays can cause several health problems, including head and neck tumors and several systemic problems. It should also be noted that no study has examined the specific types of dental x-rays and the prevalence of thyroid cancer, which should be explored in subsequent studies. The purpose of this review is to summarize the results of studies on the association between exposure to dental x-rays and health risk. A study classified the types of dental diagnostic x-rays and examined correlations with low birth weight (LBW) and showed that only the types of panoramic exams had a statistically significant correlation with LBW.
In four of the five studies, there were significant correlations between diagnostic dental x-rays and thyroid cancer. Traditional dental x-rays with bite wings show us a close-up of the teeth, allowing us to detect any irregularities or problems. Summary of studies on the association between dental x-ray exposure experience and thyroid cancer, tumors in the head and neck areas, and other health outcomes. For the literature review, this study examined twenty-one articles on dental diagnosis, X-ray exposure, and health effects.
Second, this study showed evidence that the increased risk of head and neck cancer due to exposure to low doses of dental diagnostic x-rays cannot be ignored. Therefore, through a systematic review of the literature, this study included several studies with different research designs and examined the health risks associated with exposure to dental diagnostic x-rays. In brain tumor studies, the association between dental x-ray exposure and meningioma was statistically significant in 5 of the 7 studies. A case report showed that thumb carcinoma occurred in an x-ray technician who had performed diagnostic dental radiographic exams for 15 years.
However, there are some studies on exposure to low-dose dental diagnostic x-rays and health effects, except with respect to some parts of the body. Diagnostic dental x-rays for certain types of exams, such as bites, whole mouth series and panoramic views, are commonly used.